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The City of Birmingham, Alabama, is the largest city in the state with a population currently estimated at 212,237, and a metro population of 1,136,650. Once, the city was the primary industrial center of the southern United States. It was unique in that iron ore and coal were mined in close proximity to each other and smelted in Birmingham. At its height, the city grew so fast, it was called the “Magic City.” The statue of Vulcan, the largest cast iron statue in the world, towers over the city and commemorates its roots. Today, Birmingham has transformed itself into a medical research, banking and service-based economy. It has a world-class culinary scene with more than 500 restaurants and more green space per capita than any other city in the nation!
Birmingham is often referred to as the cradle of the American Civil Rights Movement. The Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail winds through downtown, marking significant locations along the 1963 Civil Rights march routes. Designed as a self-guided tour, the route directs visitors along this historic pathway by maps at each location.